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Dakota
Dakota
TitleDakota
Date of Original1884
CreatorGutherz, Carl, 1844-1907
Creator RolePainter
DescriptionPlowing scene on the Helendale Farm in Richland County, N.D. owned and operated by James B. Power, showing about 21 teams of horses hitched to plows on open prairie. Teams going in both directions with plowed field in between. In far distance there appears to be smoke and buildings.
Ordering InformationConsult: http://library.ndsu.edu/ndsuarchives/duplication-services
General SubjectAgriculture
Subject (LCTGM)Plowing
Plows
Horses
Agricultural laborers
Subject (LCSH)Bonanza farms
Personal NamePower, J. B. (James Buel), 1833-1912
Organization NameHelendale Farm (N.D.)
LocationHelendale (N.D. : Township)
Helendale Farm (N.D.)
Richland County (N.D.)
North Dakota
United States
Decade1880-1889
Item NumberFolio 102.AgB66.7
Format of OriginalPhotomechanical prints
Dimensions of Originalimage 12 x 27 cm. on sheet 24 x 44 cm.
Transcription"This was drawn on the Power farm by an artist who had some of his works in Washington art gallery. It represents the bonanza farming method of plowing with the two types of plows" - Handwritten on back of cardboard mount.
"Fall plowing on the Helendale Farm twenty years ago. From painting by Carl Guther, now owned by the United States Government" - Caption with reproduction of image in The Record 9 (Jan., Feb., March 1905): 6.
"Farming in the West (Painting by a French Artist). The painting known under the title of 'Farming in the West' was painted on the farm of J.B. Power which lies 10 miles south of Leonard, N.D. A French artist by the name of Carl Gutherz lived at the Power farm while the painting was being executed, having come there for that purpose in 1888 or 1889. While visiting the Power farm in 1890, Mr. Power told me of the circumstance connected with the painting which was, I think, exhibited in one of the Paris salons and later brought back to this country where it was on exhibition at the Chicago World's Fair in 1893. I think it was later exhibited at the St. Louis World's Fair in 1904 and for a time, I think, was on exhibition at the State Capitol in Bismarck. In commenting upon the painting, Mr. Power called attention to the striking appearance of extent which was attained without any object in the background except the prairie itself. Some art critics not familiar with Dakota landscapes thought the picture had the appearance of unreality on that account. As a matter of fact, the picture undoubtedly shows artistic genius of a high order, particularly as it faithfully depicts the vastness of a prairie landscape. C.B. Waldron" - Photocopy of typed note with print.
"When I saw the army of plows moving in the rythmick measured tread over the vast plain, the sulky plow with its three and five horses attached to them and the plowman seated upon his bright chariot (the plow) I thought of the sacred words, And the swords shall be turned into plowshares, and peace reigns upon the earth. Here on the vast Dakota plains where the men come from all nations... to work in peaceful occupations while in Europe [men were exercising] the modes of warfare. Compare it with the Angelus, instead of the church steeple in the distance. I have given the elevator and [railroad cars] and stacks of grain." - Gutherz, Carl. Green Book, p. 123; quotes in Marilyn Masler's article "Carl Gutherz and the Northwest Landscape."
NotesTitle taken from attribution given in two works by Marilyn Masler. Titles found in other sources include "Farming the West" "Ploughing in Dakota" and "Ploughing in North Dakota."
The Institute for Regional Studies holds the papers of James B. Power. It includes a letterpress copy of a letter he wrote to Gutherz, dated Feb. 12, 1884.
This print may have been donated in 1954 by Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Radcliffe.
This print appears to have been rolled for some time and when unrolled, likely to mount on cardboard, cracks and buckling developed.
Location of the original oil painting unknown. The painting was purchased in 1887 by the Federal Government and located in the U.S. Capitol briefly before being transferred to the Department of Agriculture in 1888 by the direction of the Joint Committee on the Library.
Biography/HistoryCarl Gutherz was born in 1844 in Switzerland and came to America with his parents in 1851, eventually they settled in Memphis, Tenn. about 1860. He journeyed to St. Paul, Minn. his first time in 1866 and returned many times. While there in 1883 he participated in the celebration marking the completion of the Northern Pacific Railway and traveled to Dakota Territory. He documented what he saw there in a number of pencil and watercolor sketches including at the Helendale Farm, owned by James B. Power. In 1884 he completed his large oil on canvas painting 'Dakota, ' a plowing scene on the Helendale Farm. The original oil is believed to be approx. 9 ft. in length.
Bibliographic ReferenceMasler, Marilyn. "Carl Gutherz and the Northwest Landscape." Minnesota History 53 (Winter 1993): 312-322.
Masler, Marilyn and Marina Pacini, ed. Carl Gutherz, Poetic Vision and Academic Ideals. [Memphis, Tenn.]: Memphis Brooks Museum of Art, 2009.
Repository InstitutionNorth Dakota State University Libraries, Institute for Regional Studies
Repository CollectionDakota Lithographs and Engravings Collection Folio 102
Collection Finding AidConsult: http://hdl.handle.net/10365/6673
Credit LineInstitute for Regional Studies, NDSU, Fargo (Folio 102.AgB66.7)
Rights ManagementImage in public domain.
Languageeng;
Digital IDrsL00124
Original SourceLithograph
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