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Boundary-post between the United States and Rupert's Land, at Pembina, Red River
Boundary-post between the United States and Rupert's Land, at Pembina, Red River
TitleBoundary-post between the United States and Rupert's Land, at Pembina, Red River
Date of Original1870
DescriptionTwo Indians standing near boundary marker with dogs nearby. In background are two tipis with Red River Carts nearby. Other Indians gathered around an enclosure of willow branches.
Ordering InformationConsult:
General SubjectPolitics & Government
Indians of North America
Subject (LCTGM)Boundary markers
Carts & wagons
Subject (LCSH)Indians of North America
Indians of North America - Dwellings
Indians of North America - Rites & ceremonies
Subject (Local)Red River carts
LocationPembina (N.D.)
Pembina County (N.D.)
North Dakota
United States
Item NumberFolio 102.InE93.1
Format of OriginalLithographs
Dimensions of Original14 x 25 cm.
Publisher of OriginalLittle, William
Place of PublicationLondon (England)
Transcription"The British-American Frontier. The revolt of the French and Indian half-breed population in the Red River and Lake Winnepeg district of North American, several hundred miles west of Lake Superior, is rather a troublesome affair. This district is part of the Hudson's Bay Company's vast territory, which has lately been transferred to the Dominion of Canada. The insurrection hitherto has been confined to the neighbourhood of Lake Winnepeg, from which the British Canadians have been expelled; the Governor, Mr. Macdougall, has been obliged to return to Canada, and Fort Garry remains in the possession of the rebels. It is thought these were instigated by some of the French priests to resist the establishment of the Canadian Government, but the Vicar-General of Quebec, accompanied by Colonel de Salaberri, himself a half-breed, has gone to the Red River country to use his influence on the side of loyalty and to persuade the Winnepeg people to lay down their arms. Another influence to be noted in stirring up the insurrection and keeping it alive is that of American annexationists at Pembina, cooperating with others engaged in business at Red River. Pembina is a settlement of three or four log-houses on the Dacotah side of the frontier, where every white resident but one is said to hold an office of some sort or other. Besides the few residents, there has been an Illinois lawyer, who is described as 'running the machine' in the interests of annexation. All the American versions of the affair have come from him. Hence the exaggerated stories about the Indians being called to arms, for which there has been no foundation except in the circumstance that Colonel Dennis garrisoned the Sonte Fort in the Lower Settlement with fifty Swamp Indians, an inoffensive set of semi-civilized half-breeds who live by farming in that neighbourhood. It has, of course, been the policy of the annexationists to lead the American people and Government to believe the Canadian officials have been inciting the Indians to take up arms. The most recent canard of this sort has been that Macdougall bribed the Sioux to make a descent on Pembina, in revenge for the conduct of the people there. If the trouble should continue, and should tend towards annexation, there certainly would be reason to look for a movement of the Indians in that direction. This, however could not be owing to Canadian influence, but to the fears of the Indians themselves, who naturally dread the prospect of their being brought under American sway. We have to thank Major G. Seton, who was lately in that part of the world, for a View of the plains near Pembina, with the boundary-post there erected to mark the frontier between the United States and British territory of Rupert's Land. the boundless level of rich grass is here traversed by the road, or track, which appears in the foreground. Marjos Seton's sketch is also an illustration of the habits and costumes of the Cree Indians. These are represented as walking in procession, headed by the Medicine Man, with the sacred rattle in hand, within which is celebrated a 'Dog Feast, ' so called from their eating dogs on the occasion, and being a mixture of religious ceremony and social mirth. In the half-distance are their tents, made of dressed bison (called buffalo) leather, with their badges or armorial bearings painted upon them, beside which stand their carts, made without a particle of iron, and which are very strong and so light as to be serviceable as rafts when deep water has to be crossed. In the foreground is a group of two young Indians in their gala costume, with their dogs, which in winter are used to drag sledges." - Text accompanying image.
NotesTitle from caption with image.
Creator of image is a Major G. Seton, as mentioned at end of accompanying article.
Repository InstitutionNorth Dakota State University Libraries, Institute for Regional Studies
Repository CollectionDakota Lithographs and Engravings Collection Folio 102
Collection Finding AidConsult:
Credit LineInstitute for Regional Studies, NDSU, Fargo (Folio 102.InE93.1)
Rights ManagementImage in public domain.
Digital IDrsL00064
Original SourceIllustrated London News, Jan. 29, 1870, suppl., p. 125.
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