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Bois de Sioux River
Bois de Sioux River
TitleBois de Sioux River
Date of Original1859
CreatorStanley, John Mix, 1814-1872
Creator RoleIllustrator
DescriptionRiver with trees along banks on both sides and two wagons with horses along bank in distance.
Ordering InformationConsult:
General SubjectEnvironment
Subject (LCTGM)Rivers
Expeditions & surveys
Carts & wagons
Subject (LCSH)Pacific railroads - Explorations and surveys
LocationBois de Sioux River
Richland County (N.D.)
Wilkin County (Minn.)
North Dakota
United States
Item NumberFolio F593.U58Vol.12
Format of OriginalLithographs
Color images
Dimensions of Original21 x 29 cm.
Publisher of OriginalBien, Julius, 1826-1909
Place of PublicationNew York (N.Y.)
Transcription""U.S.P.R.R. EX P& SURVEYS 47 & 49 PARALLELS.; GENERAL REPORT - PLATE VII.; Stanley del.; J. Bien N.Y. lith.; BIOS DE SIOUX RIVER" - Printed on front of lithograph.
"Tuesday, June 28 [1853]... We were delayed an hour this morning in getting off. Within two and a half miles of camp two marshy places occurred, beyond which was a broad belt of level prairie, extending north and south as far as the eye could reach. at 10 1/2 a.m. the advance had crossed Rabbit river, fifteen miles from camp, and halted till the arrival of the main train. Leaving the train to rest, the advance started at 2 1/2 p.m., and in three miles met Mr. Lander, whose camp was with Mr. Tinkham's, on the Bois de Sioux. Continuing on we went into camp at 5 o'clock, about three fourths of a miles from the engineers' camp, and were joined by the whole party at 9 o'clock, after a march of 27 miles over a country which had been invariably reported the very worst of the whole route. Our animals, though somewhat tired, immediately went to feeding. There were some soft places between the Rabbit river and the Bois des Sioux, in which animals were mired and wagons stalled; but we were agreeably disappointed in having, comparatively, a very comfortably day's journey. From our morning's camp I sent Lambert to Red river, with four men, to reconnoitre along its course to the Bois des Sioux, and thence along the latter stream to our evening's camp; and from Rabbit river I despatched Mr. Doty and two men to follow the Rabbit river some eight or ten miles, thence, crossing on a line about parallel to our trail, to the Bois des Sioux, to follow down the latter stream to camp. Numerous large catfish were caught this afternoon, some weighing 12 to 20 pounds each. At 11 1/2 p.m. we sat down to a supper of ducks, catfish, and coffee, and all the men were in fine spirits. The Bois des Sioux had been a great point to reach, the end of bad roads and the commencement of the buffalo country. It is quite a large stream, is well lined with wood, and the drift deposits on its banks indicate that during spring freshets a considerable portion of the prairie is submerged.... The most remarkable features of this region are the intervals of level prairie, especially that near the bend of the branches of Red river, where the horizon is as unbroken as that of a calm sea. Nor are the points of resemblance wanting; the long grass, which in such places is unusually rank, bending gracefully to the passing breeze as it sweeps along the plain, gives the idea of waves, (as indeed, they are) and the solitary horseman on the horizon is so indistinctly seen as to complete the picture by the suggestion of a sail, raising the first feeling of novelty to a character of wonder and delight. The flowing outlines of the rolling prairies are broken only by the small lakes and patches of timber, which relieve them of monotony and enhance their beauty; and though marshes and sloughs occur they are too small and unfrequent to affect the generally attractive character of the country. The elevation of the rolling prairie is generally so uniform that even the summits between streams flowing in opposite directions exhibit no peculiar features to distinguish them from the ordinary character of the valley slopes.... - Text related to image from pages 40 and 41.
NotesTitle from caption.
Repository InstitutionNorth Dakota State University Libraries, Institute for Regional Studies
Repository CollectionDakota Lithographs and Engravings Collection Folio 102
Collection Finding AidConsult:
Credit LineInstitute for Regional Studies, NDSU, Fargo (Folio F593.U58Vol.12)
Digital IDrsL00095
Original SourceReports of Explorations and Surveys to Acertain the Most Practicable and Economical Route for a Railroad from the Mississippi to the Pacific Ocean. Supplement to volume I. 1859.[plate between pages 40 and 41].
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