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Across the Missouri River by rail, at Bismarck, Dakota Territory
Across the Missouri River by rail, at Bismarck, Dakota Territory
TitleAcross the Missouri River by rail, at Bismarck, Dakota Territory
Date of Original1879
CreatorHaynes, F. Jay (Frank Jay), 1853-1921
Creator RolePhotographer
DescriptionCrew of men laying railroad ties on frozen Missouri River while other group of people watching. Beyond workers is railroad flatbed, cars and engine on rails already laid. In distance is shoreline and hills, likely of Bismarck.
Ordering InformationConsult:
General SubjectTransportation
Subject (LCTGM)Railroad ice crossings
Railroad cars
Railroad locomotives
Railroad tracks
Railroad employees
Railroad construction & maintenance
LocationMissouri River
Bismarck (N.D.)
Burleigh County (N.D.)
North Dakota
United States
Item NumberFolio 102.TrR34.1a
Format of OriginalLithographs
Dimensions of Original20 x 26 cm.
Publisher of OriginalHarper's Magazine Co.
Place of PublicationNew York (N.Y.)
Transcription"From a photograph by F. J. Haynes" - Printed with caption.
"Across the Missouri by Rail. On the 12th of February the first locomotive and train of the Northern Pacific crossed over the Missouri River west from Bismarck. Our sketch on page 205 faithfully outlines the cold wintry job. The thermometer was ten degrees below zero, and the ice bridge spanning the 'Big Muddy' from thirty-six to forty-two inches thick. The iron rails were placed upon twelve-foot ties, twelve inches wide, with three-feet centres, and resting directly upon the ice. Chief Engineer Rosser tested the ice by loading fifty tons of earth upon a space twenty feet square. The ice gave way during the night, the earth cutting out a piece exactly conforming to the line of the base of the pile. General Rosser accepted this evidence of the strength of the ice as satisfactory, and contrary to all precedent in railroad building in the United States, constructed his track upon the frozen surface of the river. The track is perfectly level, and the rails are thirty feet long. Trains are not permitted to remain standing upon the track. the motion of the train is favorable to the experiment, which may be regarded as an engineering success. The Northern Pacific is in course of construction one hundred miles west from Bismarck, and the engineers are using this method of transporting the materials across the river before the ice breaks up." - Text accompanying illustration in Harper's Weekly, March 15, 1879, p. 207.
NotesTile from caption with image.
Repository InstitutionNorth Dakota State University Libraries, Institute for Regional Studies
Repository CollectionDakota Lithographs and Engravings Collection Folio 102
Collection Finding AidConsult:
Credit LineInstitute for Regional Studies, NDSU, Fargo (Folio 102.TrR34.1a)
Rights ManagementImage in public domain.
Digital IDrsL00088.jp2
Original SourceHarper's Weekly, March 15, 1879. p. 205
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