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Camp Red River Hunters
Camp Red River Hunters
TitleCamp Red River Hunters
Date of Original1859
CreatorStanley, John Mix, 1814-1872
Creator RoleIllustrator
Ordering InformationConsult:
General SubjectIndians of North America
Subject (LCTGM)Tipis
Covered wagons
Indian encampments
Expeditions & surveys
Subject (LCSH)Indians of North America
Indians of North America - Hunting
Pacific railroads - Explorations and surveys
LocationNorth Dakota
United States
Item NumberFolio F593.U58Vol.12
Format of OriginalLithographs
Color images
Dimensions of Original21 x 29 cm.
Publisher of OriginalBien, Julius, 1826-1909
Place of PublicationNew York (N.Y.)
Transcription""U.S.P.R.R. EXP & SURVEYS 47 & 49 PARALLELS.; GENERAL REPORT - PLATE XII.; Stanley del.; J. Bien N.Y. lith.; CAMP RED RIVER HUNTERS. "" - Printed on front of lithograph.
"July 16 [1853] Awaited the coming up of the back parties, and during the morning Tinkham arrived, and was received with nine cheers, being followed soon after by the rest of the rear guard. About 2 p.m. the whole Red river train came in sight, and, as they approached, fired a succession of volleys of firearms as a salute, which we returned with three rounds from the howitzer. The train consisted of 824 carts, about 1, 200 animals, and 1, 300 persons, men, women, and children, the whole presenting a very fine appearance. They encamped near by, and the close yard which they formed presented quite a contrast to the open manner adopted by us. They made a circular or square yard of the carts, placed side by side with the hubs adjoining, presenting a barrier impassable either to man or beast. The tents or lodges were arranged within, at a distance of about twenty feet from the carts, and were of a conical shape, built of poles covered with skins, with an opening at the top for the passage of smoke and for ventillation. They were 104 in number, being occupied generally by two families, averaging about ten persons to the lodge. Skins were spread over the tops of the carts, and underneath many of the train found comfortable lodging places. The animals were allowed to run loose during the day to feed, but were driven into the corral at dark. Thirty-six of the men are posted as sentinels, remaining on guard all night. We have but twelve guards, three reliefs, not more than four men being on guard at one time. As our camps were only about two hundred yards apart, there was much visiting between them. I was struck with the good conduct and hospitable kindness of these people. A small band of Prairie Chippewa Indians, who accompanied this party, visited our camp during the evening, and entertained us with one of their national dances." - Accompanying text (p. 51-52) that continues with additional description.
NotesTitle from caption.
Repository InstitutionNorth Dakota State University Libraries, Institute for Regional Studies
Repository CollectionDakota Lithographs and Engravings Collection Folio 102
Collection Finding AidConsult:
Credit LineInstitute for Regional Studies, NDSU, Fargo (Folio F593.U58Vol.12)
Rights ManagementImage in public domain.
Digital IDrsL00099
Original SourceReports of Explorations and Surveys to Acertain the Most Practicable and Economical Route for a Railroad from the Mississippi to the Pacific Ocean. Supplement to volume I. 1859. Between pages 50 and 51.
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