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Capt. Richard H. Pratt
Capt. Richard H. Pratt
TitleCapt. Richard H. Pratt
Date of Original1888
DescriptionDrawing of Captain Richard H. Pratt, member of the United States Board of Indian Commissioners. Likely based upon a photograph by D.F. Barry while the commission was at Standing Rock Indian Reservation in North Dakota.
Ordering InformationConsult:
General SubjectPolitics & Government
Subject (LCTGM)Portrait drawings
Personal NamePratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924
Organization NameUnited States. Board of Indian Commissioners
LocationStanding Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.)
Sioux County (N.D.)
North Dakota
United States
Item NumberFolio 102.InS72.7
Format of OriginalLithographs
Dimensions of Original8 x 9 cm.
Publisher of OriginalFrank Leslie's Publishing House
Place of PublicationNew York (N.Y.)
Transcription"The Standing Rock Conference. The Conference between the United States Commissioners and the Sioux Indians in Dakota is over. The Indians, with a distrust born of previous experience, not only refused to sign the papers in assent, but emphatically declined to affix their signatures in any manner to any white man's paper, and it is even asserted that a secret council had determined to kill the first Indian who signed the treaty. The principal Indian chiefs, Sitting Bull, Mad Bear, John Grass, Red Cloud and Gall, have shown a diplomatic cunning and tact which the Commissioners very reluctantly concede to be more than a match for their own. Gall, Mad Bear and John Grass, of whom we give portraits, are the three chiefs who represented the Sioux in the Conference. Red Cloud represented the Indians at Pine Ridge, and he sent word that even if those at Standing Rock signed, it would have no effect upon his people. The matter was effectually settled on August 7th, when John Grass made a pointed speech in which he called upon those willing to sign ‘No, ' when not an Indian arose. When he called for those who would sign ‘Yes, ' every man remained motionless on the ground. But when he requested those who would sign neither paper to rise, every man arose with cheers and whoops and yells. He then, amid much applause from the Indians, informed the Commissioners that Indians would sign neither paper, and that they would now return to their farms regardless of what the Commissioners might say. As soon as he had closed, the circle was broken, and the Indians started for home. The Commissioners say that as long as the Indians are together, and under the control of the chiefs there is no prospect of success, but by having the Indians brought to the agency one or two at a time, they think they may get their signatures. It is manifestly impossible that this immense tract of twenty-two millions of acres in the heart of Dakota should be long held by nomadic tribes. Railroad are waiting to cross it, villages and cities to be built upon it, and the forces and energies of civilization must and will eventually prevail over the methods of savagery. But it must be done lawfully. The native Indian has been pushed from the Atlantic coast Westward, the there are only two alternatives left for him-to become civilized and live as the white men do, or to be exterminated. But the peaceful possession of the Indian lands has become difficult to obtain, owing chiefly to the utterly contemptible policy which has been pursued by the Government. The Indians have no faith in our promises, and decline to trust our treaties. They have made treaties before and have been them violated, and they fear a similar result in this case. The one man who could inspire them with confidence, Bishop Whipple of Minnesota, the man who is known among them as the one white man who lever lied to an Indian, is in Europe. When he returns his aid may be invoked, and perhaps it may be sufficiently powerful to accomplish the desired result" - Article accompanying images from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, Aug. 18, 1888, p. 6..
"Dakota - The Sioux Reservation Conference at Standing Rock, portraits of leading United States Commissioners and Sioux chiefs. From photos. by Barry, of Bismarck" - Caption title with six images.
NotesTitle from identification below each image.
One of six images of people involved in conference. Images include Judge John Wright, Capt. Richard Pratt, Rev. William Cleveland, Chief John Grass, Chief Gall, and Chief Mad Bear.
Illus. in: Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, August 18, 1888, p. 12.
ContributorBarry, D. F. (David Francis), 1854-1934
Contributor RolePhotographer
Repository InstitutionNorth Dakota State University Libraries, Institute for Regional Studies
Repository CollectionDakota Lithographs and Engravings Collection Folio 102
Collection Finding AidConsult:
Credit LineInstitute for Regional Studies, NDSU, Fargo (Folio 102.InS72.7)
Rights ManagementImage in public domain.
Digital IDrsL00114
Original SourceFrank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, Aug. 18, 1888, p. 12
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