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Map of a reconnaissance of the Black Hills, July and August 1874, with troops under the command of Lt. Col. G.A. Custer, 7th Cavalry
Map of a reconnaissance of the Black Hills, July and August 1874, with troops under the command of Lt. Col. G.A. Custer, 7th Cavalry
TitleMap of a reconnaissance of the Black Hills, July and August 1874, with troops under the command of Lt. Col. G.A. Custer, 7th Cavalry
Date of Original1874?
CreatorLudlow, William, 1843-1901
Creator RoleCartographer
DescriptionThis map was made by surveyors who accompanied Lieutenant Colonel (Brevet Major General) George Armstrong Custer and troops of the 7th Cavalry on an expedition to the Black Hills in 1874. Custer's map (as it was called though it was made by surveyors and engineers in his command) includes information important to military activity. It notes the quality of soil, the availability of grass and good water, elevations of peaks. Dates and locations of the soldiers' camps are also indicated.
Ordering Informationhttp://www.history.nd.gov/archives/rscopypermission.html
General SubjectMaps, stamps and seals
Military
Subject (LCTGM)Military reconnaissance
Maps
Personal NameCuster, George Armstrong, 1839-1876
Organization NameUnited States. Army. Cavalry, 7th.
United States. Army. Corps of Engineers
LocationBlack Hills (S.D. and Wyo.)
Dakota Territory
Decade1870-1879
Item NumberMap 973.39 L945m 1874
Format of OriginalMaps
Dimensions of Original62 x 53 cm.
Publisher of OriginalAmerican Photo-Lithographic Co.
Place of PublicationNew York (N.Y.)
NotesShows exploration routes and dates.
Relief shown by hachures and spot heights.
Includes notes indicating general topography.
Relation[Is Part Of] North Dakota History textbook materials
Biography/HistoryIn 1874, George Armstrong Custer led troops out of Fort Abraham Lincoln on a two month expedition to the Black Hills in western Dakota Territory. One of the duties of the Army in the American West was to map the terrain. Soldiers accompanied surveyors for the railroads. In addition to protecting the survey crew, they sought information on topography and important natural resources. The Black Hills belonged to the Lakota according to the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868 and only the Lakota knew the Hills well. The Army wanted to map the area in order to develop plans for a new military post in that region and to evaluate its resources.
Repository InstitutionState Historical Society of North Dakota
Repository CollectionState Historical Society of North Dakota Map Collection
Credit LineState Historical Society of North Dakota (Map 978.39 L945m 1874)
LanguageEnglish
Digital IDshMap973.39L945m1874
OCLC number5411746
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