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Burgois site map
Burgois site map
TitleBurgois site map
Date of Original1906
DescriptionThis early contour map reveals the locations of earthlodges within Ditch 4 at Double Ditch Indian Village, also known as the Bourgois site.
Ordering Information
General SubjectIndians of North America
Maps, stamps and seals
Subject (LCTGM)Maps
Subject (LCSH)Indians of North America - Antiquities & archaeological sites
Indians of North America - Dwellings
Indians of North America - Structures
LocationDouble Ditch State Historic Site (N.D.)
Format of OriginalMaps
Relation[Is Part Of] North Dakota History textbook materials
Biography/HistoryDouble Ditch Indian Village was a large earthlodge village inhabited by the Mandan Indians for nearly 300 years (AD 1490 - 1785). According to Mandan oral history, Double Ditch was one of seven to nine villages simultaneously occupied near the mouth of the Heart River. The Mandan population in this area probably totaled 10,000 or more during this time. The earthlodge villages were centers of trade between the Mandans, their nomadic neighbors, and later, Euroamerican traders. A massive smallpox epidemic swept the interior of North America about 1781-1782. This catastrophe was apparently responsible for the abandonment of Double Ditch and all the other Mandan villages near the Heart River. The Mandans had moved to new villages farther upriver. People of Mandan Indian ancestry live today throughout much of the Northern Great Plains. As one of the Three Affiliated Tribes, the Mandan tribal headquarters are at Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota.
External Resource
Repository InstitutionState Historical Society of North Dakota
Repository CollectionState Historical Society of North Dakota Archaeology and Historic Preservation Division Collection
Credit LineState Historical Society of North Dakota
Rights ManagementCopyright status unknown.
Original SourceWill, G.F. and Spinden, H.J. The Mandans: a study of their culture, archaeology and language. Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology. Vol. III, no. 4 (1906)
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