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Earthlodge floor plan at Double Ditch Indian Village site
Earthlodge floor plan at Double Ditch Indian Village site
TitleEarthlodge floor plan at Double Ditch Indian Village site
Date of Originalbetween 1990 and 2008
DescriptionThis floor plan of a circular earthlodge shows the four post and beam central supports (the square in the center). The wall between the entry and the fireplace helped to prevent drafts from disturbing the fire or chilling the residents. Beds were arranged around the walls.
Ordering Informationhttp://history.nd.gov/archives/whatphotos.html
General SubjectIndians of North America
Subject (LCTGM)Dwellings
Plans
Subject (LCSH)Indians of North America - Antiquities & archaeological sites
Indians of North America - Dwellings
Indians of North America - Structures
Subject (AAT)Earth lodges
LocationDouble Ditch State Historic Site (N.D.)
Decade1990-1999
2000-2009
NotesTitle created by staff.
Relation[Is Part Of] North Dakota History textbook materials
Biography/HistoryDouble Ditch Indian Village was a large earthlodge village inhabited by the Mandan Indians for nearly 300 years (AD 1490 - 1785). According to Mandan oral history, Double Ditch was one of seven to nine villages simultaneously occupied near the mouth of the Heart River. The Mandan population in this area probably totaled 10,000 or more during this time. The earthlodge villages were centers of trade between the Mandans, their nomadic neighbors, and later, Euroamerican traders. A massive smallpox epidemic swept the interior of North America about 1781-1782. This catastrophe was apparently responsible for the abandonment of Double Ditch and all the other Mandan villages near the Heart River. The Mandans had moved to new villages farther upriver. People of Mandan Indian ancestry live today throughout much of the Northern Great Plains. As one of the Three Affiliated Tribes, the Mandan tribal headquarters are at Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota.
External Resourcehttp://history.nd.gov/historicsites/doubleditch/index.html
Repository InstitutionState Historical Society of North Dakota
Repository CollectionState Historical Society of North Dakota Archaeology and Historic Preservation Division Collection
Credit LineState Historical Society of North Dakota
Rights ManagementCopyright status unknown.
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